Editing is the process of placing images and sounds in an order that tells the story, creates emotion and implants ideas in the audience
A graphic edit is when the edit is made where the two shots are similar - this can be called a match cut.
Edits are done consistently to a beat (or slower/faster). This can create a mood.
Edits that helps understand the dimensions in a space. For instance, cutting from an establishing shot to an interior has an understanding that these two places are connected.
Edits that helps the audience understand how time may be manipulated. A fade to black between shots can suggest that time has passed between them.
For example straight cut, fade, fade to black, fade to white.
Cutting from one scene to another - creates some kind of connection between two scenes.
L Cut / J Cut
Either sound or vision cuts before the other.
A group of shots that show the progression of time - usually while something is changing/improving.